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NICRA

National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)


NICRA scheme has been promoted in 11th five year plan by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) under the technical leadership of Central Research Institute for Dry land Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad. NICRA at Namakkal is being initiated in 2011 by Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University at Vadavathur village which has recorded an average rainfall of only 400 mm for the past 26 years. The village has 829 families with the population of 2850 and they were benefited under NICRA in different modules. Introduction of new climate resilient technologies in Agriculture, Horticulture, Livestock, Poultry and fisheries, Rain water Storage structures and Custom Hiring Centre (CHC) for farm implements are the major activities of the scheme and it made sustenance in livelihood of the farmers.

Activities carried out since 2011


  1. Natural Resource Management

    • Renovation of Community Ponds:Senkuttai, Aayiramkuttai, Periyakalingikuttai, Ponnankannikuttai
    • Lining of Temporary Water Storage Ponds

  2. Crop Production

    • Drought resistant, short duration, Pest and disease resistant variety
    • Integrated Pest and Disease management practices in small onion

  3. Livestock and Fisheries Management

    • Introduction of superior germ plasm
    • Construction of improved shelters for reducing heat stress in livestock and poultry
    • Green fodder development and Disease preventive measures

  4. Institutional Interventions

    • Custom Hiring Farm Implements

Achievements


The following achievements has made in the village

  • Four Community ponds helped to recharge the water level in 354 bore wells and 135 open wells that led to increase the cropping intensity and area in NICRA village.
  • Lining of farm ponds (49 form ponds) help to increase the cropping intensity in NICRA village.
  • Panthal vegetable cultivation (7 farmers) and Jasmine cultivation (21 farmers) helped to improve their regular income.
  • Night shelter for poultry (47 sheds) helped to prevent the chicks from heat, rain and natural enemies.
  • Livestock Vaccination and deworming (3435 desi birds and small ruminants) helps to prevent disease outbreak in NICRA village.
  • Introduced fish farming (9 farmers) at NICRA village that leads extra income to farmers.
  • Fodder cover sheets (for 76 dairy farmers) helps to farmers to prevent fodder from heat and rain for long time.
  • Improved shelter for sheep and goat (for 24 farmers) is used to prevent heat and rain that leads minimize the death rate and maximise the productivity.
  • Introducing NARI swarna ram (18 numbers) to improve twinning in sheep farm.
  • Aavin milk society has been created in Vadavathur resulted now as 3 aavin and one private (Hudson) societies to procure 1820 lts of milk per day from the village.
  • Agricultural implements available in required time at low cost in NICRA village through custom hiring centre (Thalamalayan Pasumai Iyakkam) made the farmers self empowered.
  • New Bank branch (Indian Bank) created in Vadavathur to easy transaction of farmers.
  • Bus facility created to Namakkal Uzhavar santhai (Farmers Market) to carry their agro products.

Scheme is going to continue till 2019-2020.